SURVEY RESEARCH DEFINITION
Survey Research is defined as the process of conducting research using surveys that are sent to survey respondents.
The term ‘survey’ refers to the selection of a relatively large sample of people from a pre-determined population
Surveys are commonly used to enable researchers to collect data on a mass scale, and to use that data to conduct statistical analyses that reveal conclusive results about how the variety of variables measured interact.
Types of surveys
Surveys classified according to focus and scope
Survey method pursues two main purposes:
- Describing certain aspects or characteristics of population and/or
- Testing hypotheses about nature of relationships within a population.
History and Uses of Survey Research
From market research and election polling, survey research made its way into several academic fields where it continues to be the primary approaches to collecting new data.
Advantages and disadvantages of survey research
Reasons to Conduct Survey Research
Research question: a single clear and explicit
Versatile sources for response collection
Reliable for respondents
The Introduction Essentials
1) A thank you statement
2) The topic of the study
3) The expected time to complete the survey
4) A confidentiality statement
Administering a Survey
Main survey research methods, divided based on the medium of conducting survey research
COMMON SURVEY METHODS
- Advantages and disadvantages of Postal Self-completion
- Advantages / Disadvantages
- Advantages / Disadvantages face interview.
- Longitudinal Survey
- cohort surveys
Advantages / Disadvantages
- Cross-sectional survey research Advantages / Disadvantages
Survey Research Examples
Instruments: questionnaires and structured interviewing,
What is a survey questionnaire?
Survey questionnaires present a set of questions to subjects who with their responses will provide data to a researcher.
- key elements in designing a survey questionnaire
- Challenge: keeping it short and capturing all required information
- Questionnaires are a common and inexpensive research tool
- Greater than required it under 1 page.
- Subjective Questions
- Contradicting questions
- Use simple words
- Assure a common understanding
- Start with interesting questions
- Don't write leading questions
- Avoid double negatives
- Balance rating scales
- Don't make the list of choices too long
- Avoid difficult concepts
- Avoid difficult recall questions
- Use Closed-ended questions rather than Open-ended ones
- Pre-test your survey
- Cover memo or introduction
Key factors in creating a survey.
- Your Mode of Data Collection
- Impact of Survey Fatigue
- The Effect of Survey Question Wording
- How You Order Your Questions
- Different Survey Question Formats
- Accuracy of the Answers You Receive
- Bias in Self-Reported Behavior
- Clear Question Structure
- Visual Survey Design
- Your Final Survey Analysis Plan
Designing a Questionnaire
- A pilot study
Goal is to collect information
Define the aims of the study
Define the variables to be collected
Translate these concepts into variables that can be measured.
Compose a draft
A Cognitive Model
- interpret the question,
- retrieve relevant information from memory,
- form a tentative judgment,
- convert the tentative judgment
- edit their response as necessary.
- Likert Scale
Writing Effective Items
Formatting the Questionnaire
- Information which can be easily converted into quantitative
- The questions are standardized
- lack of detail
- Rich data
- Not suitable for less educated
Vocabulary and grammar
Ambiguity, confusion, and vagueness
- loaded words
Avoid double-barrelled questions
The Ratings Format
Difference Between Questionnaire and Interview
Updated on February 14th, 2019.